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TOMORROW'S TECHNOLOGY TODAY

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE

  Environmental Standards and Regulations

Emissions [mg/Nm3]

U.S.A.

European Union

Germany

United Kingdom

Japan

China

Offered

Tech

below limit

by factor (*)

Chlorine

(HCl)

41

50

10

30

24

50

1

10

Carbon monoxide

(CO)

-

100

50

-

63

100

38

1.3

Nitrogen oxide

(NOx)

200

200

200

350

514

240

135

1.4

Sulphur oxide

(SOx)

100

300

50

300

30

100

20

2.5

Fluor(HF)

-

2

1

2

-

-

0.03

33

Mercury

(Hg)

-

-

0.05

0.1

-

0.1

0.002

25

Cadmium

(Cd)

-

-

0.05

0.1

-

0.1

0.002

25

Dioxin

(PCDD,PCDF)

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.005

20

Other heavy metals (Sb,As,Pb,Cr,Co

Cu,Mn,Ni,V,Sn)

-

-

0.5

-

-

-

0.07

7

Dust

-

-

10

-

-

-

1

10

(*) Compared to the worldwide most severe regulation, which is the German 17th BimSchV from 2002.

 

Example: Offered Technology Gasification versus Incineration

 

The comparison below sheds light on the main differences between the two technology

Offered Technology

CH3CL - C + H2 + HCL

Very easy to dissolve in water

Fast reactions (+100 times faster)

Thermal degradation without oxygen

Creates simple-to-handle hydrochloride acid

No risk of recombination of hazardous elements

 Incineration

CH3CL + 7/4O2 - CO2 + 3/2H2O + 1/2CL2

Very difficult to handle

Slow reactions

Oxidation in combination with oxygen

Creates dioxins and furans

Great danger of recombination of hazardous elements

Different Input Material

Waste types

Offered Technology

Incinerator

Residue from composting plant

yes

not treated

Sewage sludge

yes

small quantities treated

Ashes from power plants

yes

not treated

Liquid industrial waste

yes

not treated

Asbestos and catalytic filters

yes

not treated

Hospital waste

yes

small quantities treated

Catering waste

yes

not treated

Toxic waste

yes

not treated

Metallic residues

yes

not treated

Waste oils

yes

not treated

Waste from incinerators

yes

not treated

Key values

Item

Offered Technology

Incinerator

Profitable capacity

modular adaptable

limited adaptable

Adaptability

very flexible

stationary

Capital cost

very low

high

Maintenance

very low

high

Commercial

benefits

storable energy

electricity

off-heat utilization

building materials

off-heat utilization possible

minimal electricity possible

Environmental and social impact

no dangerous emissions

no dangerous residues

reclaim landfills

smoke

ashes

hydroxides, dioxines, furanes

"green opposition"

Plant location

mobile or stationary at client's site

lengthy approval process

Sustainable development

100% recyclable products a world class facility

only partial solution environmental problems

Ecological

yes

no

Efficient

yes

no

Economical

yes

no

Certificates

The efficiency of the Offered system is confirmed by various scientific expertise studies from independent institutions, as well as backed up by numerous analyses certificates

 

This analysis certificate proves that the offered technology’s gas constituents not only fulfill, but largely exceed the actual worldwide ambient regulations, even the most stringent ones, and at the same time still contain a comfortable margin for possible future intensification of such regulations

 

This analysis certificate proves that the remaining organic carbon content in the sewage sludge solid residue after treatment is less than 0.05% - a value 100 times better than the worldwide most severe ambient regulation requirements (50 mg/Nm3, German 17th BimSchV).

The Invention

The Offered Technology system is a patented technology for the safe disposal of waste and at the same time offers maximum benefits from the recovery of the valuable constituents contained in the waste:

+ + + conversion of solid fuel into gas via a unique high temperature gasification system + + +

With this core principle, the offered technology provides a thermal degradation system that completely sanitizes waste and even destroys contaminated or toxic components and gases at high temperatures, using state of the art technology.

 

And this recently developed technology produces no harmful emissions or residues, fulfilling worldwide the most severe standards and regulations against environmental pollution.

 

Because optimum use is made of the calorific values of the waste, the process is also commercially highly attractive: the energy of the created syngas can thereafter be converted into electricity by various means.

 

Heated with induction electricity, the offered technology’s reactor is operated without air or oxygen, and the waste is separated during this gasification process into two fractions:

Organic material

Converts to a clean syngas

Inorganic material

Converts to a non-leachable, sand or basalt-like, senvironmentally harmless residue which can be reused.

How is this possible?

                       Intense heat at low cost through advanced induction heating

                       technology high temperatures of 1'250°C and above

                       New, specially developed materials which withstand these

                       temperatures

                       No corrosion or oxidation

                       Combustion occurs in absence of oxygen

What happens in the reactor?

Cracking of the organic material through high temperature into a low molecular combustible gas:

Overall View

Infeed

Outfeed

Reactor

Typical Layout

Perspective view (example of a 25 tons/day plant)

1

Input material storage tanks

5

Syngas pipe

9

Scrubber

2

Rotation valves

6

Inert residue outfeed

10

Cyclone

3

Feed auger

7

Inert residue silo

11

Cleaned syngas to gas tank

4

Reactor

8

Sedimentation



Ground plan (example of a 50 tons/day plant)

A

Storage area

C

Janitor

E

Scrubber

B

Control room

D

Administration office



1

Weight bridge

7

NFE separation

13

Reactors

2

Weight control

8

Secondary shredder

14

Collection of inorganics

3

Parking

9

Conveyors

15

Scrubber

4

Receiving bin

10

Feed silo for reactors

16

Gas tanks

5

Pre-shredder

11

Storage silos

17

Gas engine and generator

6

FE separation

12

Infeed system

18

Induction coolers

All details as above are the sole property of the technology provider and patent holders

 FLOAT POWER SYSTEMS & CONTROLS © 2010

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